Origin: Jianyang District, Nanping City, Fujian Province
Material: black and red glaze
Color: coal black and red
In Song Dynasty, tea color was white, and tea fighting became popular. Whether the tea foam sticks to the wall of the bowl is the sign of the victory or defeat of the tea fight. The loser is the one who first forms tea marks on the bowl. This has something to do with the quality of the tea and the technique of whisking it. In order to meet the needs of tea fighting, the Song Dynasty put white tea in a dark bowl, with clear contrast and easy inspection. Cai Xiang pointed out in his <tea record> that “the color of tea is white, and tea bowl should be black.” “green and white tea bowls, but it’s not necessary for a tea fighter.” Therefore, the Song Dynasty paid special attention to black glazed tea bowls. Because this kind of tea set was popular all over at that time, the northern kilns where white porcelain was used to produce to in the Tang Dynasty also made some black porcelain, and other tea sets were handed down from generation to generation. However, because their products do not fully meet the special requirements of tea fighting, the tea drinking art of Song Dynasty is not as representative as that of black glazed porcelain. Tea Blog
During the Song Dynasty, the art of tea has been refined, the tea powder should be infused with hot water and beat up with a bamboo whisk until frothy, a master work was that foams remained as long as possible. This method is called the “School of the foamed Jade” Whisked Tea Method 点茶法 [diǎn chá fǎ]. It also commonly used in the tea fight, which can be carried out by two or more people, but it can also be fried, whisked and tasted by oneself. It brings people physical and mental enjoyment and can call for endless aftertaste. Tea Ceremony
“To set off white foams of tea liquid, a black porcelain tea cup is the best” The black porcelain tea sets were praised highly during the period of the Song Dynasty for the Whisked Tea ceremony 点茶 [diǎn chá], especially Black Cup 黑盏 [hēi zhǎn] also called Heaven Eye Cup 天目盏 [tiān mù zhǎn], which was produced in the Jian Kiln of Fujian Province. It has a thick lighly glazed porcelain body, after firing, porcelain could display many different designs: rabbit hair (photos), oil drops and partridge…. Teaware
Jian kiln black glaze is a kind of crystallization glaze, which belongs to lime glaze with high iron content. Therefore, it has the basic conditions for firing black glaze. At the same time, the lime glaze has strong viscosity, and its biggest feature is that it is easy to flow in high temperature. Therefore, there is often glaze hanging at the bottom of the outer wall of the Jian kiln bowl, and the opening of the bowl is thin along the glaze layer, which is brownish red, and some are similar to the awn opening. The basic characteristics of the body quality of the kiln black porcelain are: the section color is black or gray black, black brown, which is caused by the high iron content. The body is thick and hard, and there is a metal sound when knocking. It is commonly known as “iron tire”, with a thick feel. It contains more sand particles, so the tire quality is rough, and the feel of exposed tire is also rough. From the analysis of firing process, the Jian kiln black porcelain is fired at high temperature. If the tire clay is washed too fine, the ware is easy to deform. It is precisely because the carcass of Jian bowl in Jian kiln black porcelain is thick and contains small pores in the carcass, which is conducive to the insulation of tea soup and is suitable for the demand of tea fighting.