Origin: Jingshan Town, the west of Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province
Material: purple bamboo
Color: yellowish brown
Maker: Chen Jinxin (Tea brush making intangible cultural heritage inheritor)
竺副帅 Zhu Fu Shuai
<Pictures of tea set> in the late Southern Song Dynasty is a cultural crystallization in this “Powdered tea prosperous era”. The true identity of the author “Shen’an old man” can no longer be tested, but the creative “Twelve gentlemen” in the book is indeed a classic combination of Chinese tea ceremony, Confucian culture and the entertainment of scholars in the Song Dynasty. Twelve kinds of Dian Cha utensils were given surnames, first names, characters and numbers, and were granted different official positions according to the official system of the Song Dynasty.
Tea brush- Cha Xian is usually made of bamboo. It is made by tying thin bamboo wires into a bundle and adding a handle. The tea set necessary for the “whisking tea” of Chinese tea art in the Song Dynasty is also called “tea fighting” because the customs often bet on the victory or defeat with the skill of whisking tea. In the Song Dynasty, the fine tea powder screened was put into the bowl and injected with boiling water. At the same time, the tea brush was quickly stirred to beat the tea soup to make it foaming, and the foam floated on the soup surface. The standard of superb tea skills is that the color of tea soup is fresh and white, and the tea foam stays for a long time. From the court to the market, it is often used to bet on the victory or defeat. Tea whisking in the Song Dynasty was introduced into Japan and developed into today’s Japanese tea ceremony Chado Sadō. Its main operation and utensils still follow the norms of the Song Dynasty. Tea brush was also introduced into Japan and has been used and developed to this day. After the Ming Dynasty, Chinese people used loose tea to make tea. The skill of whisking tea with tea powder was only passed down in Japan, and tea brush was still used only in Japan.
In Song Dynasty, tea color was white, and tea fighting became popular. Whether the tea foam sticks to the wall of the bowl is the sign of the victory or defeat of the tea fight. The loser is the one who first forms tea marks on the bowl. This has something to do with the quality of the tea and the technique of whisking it. In order to meet the needs of tea fighting, the Song Dynasty put white tea in a dark bowl, with clear contrast and easy inspection. Cai Xiang pointed out in his <tea record> that “the color of tea is white, and tea bowl should be black.” “green and white tea bowls, but it’s not necessary for a tea fighter.” Therefore, the Song Dynasty paid special attention to black glazed tea bowls. Because this kind of tea set was popular all over at that time, the northern kilns where white porcelain was used to produce to in the Tang Dynasty also made some black porcelain, and other tea sets were handed down from generation to generation. However, because their products do not fully meet the special requirements of tea fighting, the tea drinking art of Song Dynasty is not as representative as that of black glazed porcelain. Tea Blog
During the Song Dynasty, the art of tea has been refined, the tea powder should be infused with hot water and beat up with a bamboo whisk until frothy, a master work was that foams remained as long as possible. This method is called the “School of the foamed Jade” Whisked Tea Method 点茶法 [diǎn chá fǎ]. It also commonly used in the tea fight, which can be carried out by two or more people, but it can also be fried, whisked and tasted by oneself. It brings people physical and mental enjoyment and can call for endless aftertaste. Tea Ceremony