Tea drinking in the Tang Dynasty originated from monks. The allusion of “Oneness Of Dhyana And Tea 茶禅一味” originated from the famous mantra of Zhaozhou monk – “eat tea and go 喫茶去”. Yuanwu Keqin, an eminent monk in the Song Dynasty, savored the infinite mysteries of tea with Zen ideas and speculations, and he wrote the four words in calligraphy and presented it to Japanese disciple Rongxi. Up to now, Yuanwu’s handwriting is still collected in Dade temple, Nara, Japan, so the Japanese tea ceremony also has this saying.
It is the fusion of Zen culture and tea culture. Tea and Zen are two kinds of culture, in their respective long history of development, contact and gradually infiltrate each other, mutual influence, and finally into a new cultural form, namely Zen tea culture. Zen 禅 is a state of mind, tea is a spiritual bud of matter, oneness is the communication between heart and tea, heart and heart. Zen tea 禅茶 also refers to the tea planted, picked and drunk by monks in temples. It is mainly used for offering Buddha, hospitality, self drinking, gifts, etc…
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